Bonding is a cosmetic procedure in which a Composite Resin material is added to the facial aspect of one or more anterior (front) teeth.  Bonding is ideal to correct a variety of esthetic issues including chips, cracks, gaps between teeth, discoloration and minor crowding.  The majority of the tooth being bonded must be healthy and stable to support the esthetic covering.

Composite Resin materials have similar characteristics to natural tooth enamel.  The color can be selected to match a particular tooth for a single Bonding, or if the patient desires to brighten their smile, a lighter shade may be selected for multiple teeth.  Bonding can be a less expensive way to enhance the appearance of your smile.



A Bonding procedure is usually completed in one office visit; however, if the natural tooth structure is compromised and not strong enough to support Bonding, porcelain should be used.  Larger, lab fabricated restorations such as Veneers and Crowns require a more extensive procedure and an additional appointment for delivery.

The Dentist prepares the tooth for Bonding by making minor adjustments to the enamel surface.  After prepping the tooth, a mild etching solution is applied.  This solution roughens the surface microscopically, allowing for a stronger connection between the tooth and the Composite material.  A thin plastic strip is placed between the teeth to prevent bonding the teeth together.  Next, a Bonding Agent is placed and activated with Ultra-Violet Light.  The Composite Resin is pressed onto the surface of the tooth and is initially shaped with hand instruments while the material is still soft.  UV Light is applied to harden the material.  The Dentist then sculpts the Bonding with polishing burrs to the desired shape and contour.  Once approved by the patient, the final polish and glaze is applied.

Bonding is a good cosmetic procedure to improve a patient's smile.  Although costly, it is less expensive than porcelain restorations: however, patients should be aware that the life span of Bonding is not that of Veneers or All Ceramic Crowns.  Composite material is not as strong as porcelain, and the patient will need to be slightly conscious of what they bite into.  With regular cleanings, Bondings should hold their color for many years, but smokers and heavy coffee / tea drinkers will notice a color change over time.


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